The documents here are related to neutralizing radioactivity using
catalysis of nuclear reactions by mu mesons and muon-surrogate
electrons. These are all drafts for team review.
A Zuppero 2017 06 26-1604
Neutralizing Radioactivity from a Nuclear Reactor Transmutation mse TEXT 2017 08 09-1606.pdf
8 July 2017: first sketch of
derivation showing non-radioactive ground state is preferred to
first excited state by cube of Gamow factor.
Steinetz et al observed a reaction energized by nominal 2
MeV gamma rays that produced some neutrons with energies
greater than 10 MeV and beta emitters that appear to be
transmutation products. Their observations appear to be
predictable using recently discovered chemical physics,
first to create muon-surrogates in nano-crystallites,
which mimic muon catalyzed fusion, and second using direct
vibrational to electron quasiparticle energy conversion.
Together they concentrate nearly all the nuclear binding
energy into heavy electron quasiparticles.
Heavy electron generation producing muon-surrogates here
would use a process almost identical to photovoltaic
energy conversion in indirect semiconductors, such as
silicon, but with MeV rather than eV photons.
Muon-Surrogate Catalyzed Transmutations Of Radioactive Waste
Using Recently Discovered Direct Vibrational To Electron Energy
Transfer And Transient, Elevated Effective Mass Electron
A Zuppero, TJ Dolan version 6/26/2017 11:22:47 AM
Chemical physics experiments recently revealed a chemical
bonding reaction having a strong propensity to
transfer most or all the binding energy to a single electron,
leaving the bonded product in a low energy or
ground state. The same chemical physics predicts the original muon
catalyzed fusion observations exactly,
published at UC Berkeley circa 1957 and having a nearly identical
potential energy diagram. Radioactive
reactants are expected to similarly transmute into non-radioactive
products when using the recently
discovered direct vibrational to electron energy conversion and
elevated effective mass electron
quasiparticles, referred to as “muon-surrogate electrons” (mse).
The reaction permits tailoring a transmutation triggered by
chemical means alone.
We create muon-surrogate electrons by using a peculiarity of the
electron band structure in nano-meter sized crystallites during
simultaneous injection of energy and crystal momentum. This
creates transient (10-14 sec), moderately elevated effective mass
electrons (less than about 50 me).
This discovery involves subtle, seldom invoked concepts. A method
and device to neutralize radioactive
isotope is included.