|The Ice Ship
A giant space ship made of ice,
as presented at the
NASA Workshop on Using In Situ Resources for
Construction of Planetary Outposts,
April 30–May 1, 1998
Narrative format of the meeting.
to bring train loads of things back to orbits around Earth
6/24/2010 9:30:29 PM a zuppero,commissioned
and paid for by Paul Sturrock.
typical Scenario: You are out in space, on the moon,
trying to make the best use of water in space.
Question: When you have plenty of water, just none to waste, how do you use it best? Do you use electricity and electrolysis to make hydrogen and oxygen gas? Do you make liquid hydrogn and liquid oxygen rocket fuel and use it in a known, highly reliable RL-10 family of rocket engines that really performs well?
Or, do you just use it in a simple nuclear heated steam rocket, which performs poorly regarding rocket exhaust velocity, but delivers payloads in massive amounts when the mission delta_V is less than about 3 km/second?
Answer: Simple wins. The original work expected to find water on the moon, and to have access tp perfected, advanced nuclear heated steam rockets. This story would have a much better ending if there were water on the moon, and especially on something with 100 times less gravity, instead of the moon.
The breakthrough that makes this topic relevant is that the United States space research recently (from about 2000 thru 2011) found more than 8000 objects classified as "near Earth." (near Earth Objects, NEOs). About 1200 can be easier to get to than landing on the moon. And, the NEO's low gravity lets the landing craft launch about 100 times more weight off the NEO than launching from the moon. By comparison, the moon's gravity is "large". The technical paper tells why we thought using water as the rocket fuel reaction mass was better than using liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen rockets for this mission.
The technical paper (click here pdf) authors are Lockheed-Martin and United States Deparement of Energy people who found the key technology.
Origin Of How Steam Rockets Can Reduce Space Transport Cost By Orders Of Magnitude
Anthony Zuppero1, Thomas K. Larson1, Bruce G. Schnitzler1, James E. Werner2,
John W. Rice1, Thomas J. Hill1, William D. Richins1, Lynn Parlier1
1. Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies,
Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory
Idaho Falls, ID 83415
2. Department of Energy, Idaho Field Office,
Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory
Idaho Falls, ID 83415--------------------------------------------------------------------------
And the answer was and still seems to be:
"Computer Aided Tomagraphy, C.A.T. scan" of
the Solar System, showing the comets and their
dust trails, mostly between Earth and Jupiter.
Micro-Galaxy Containing Probably Habitable, Dark
Micro-Stars Of Economically Viable Rocket Fuel Ores
( Solar System, Including Recently Discovered Near Earth Objects)
"micro-galaxy" and "dark micro-stars" are a journalistic label for Jupiter family comets and near earth objects. If it shines in the dark night sky, it is a "star". If it is too small to be seen most of the time, it is "dark". If it is too small to ignite any nuclear reactions, it is "micro". If it has low gravity, it is accessible to large landing craft. If it has water, it is "habitable". If all of these, it is a probably-habitable dark micro star. If it is also "close", then the water could be worth money because it is rocket fuel mass and rocket fuel ore deliverable to the vicinity of Earth, to a rocket fuel gas station.
A micro-galaxy of nearby, probably habitable, dark micro-stars mostly within 10 years travel time from Earth was discovered during the last decade. Galileo might have labeled these objects in this way, if he could have seen them....
... Figure 4 Perspective view of the nearly invisible, "dark micro-star galaxy" engulfing Earth on 12 April 2011 ... of where we live in the dark micro-star galaxy, containing thousands of nearby, probably habitable, nearly invisible objects mostly within 10 years travel time from Earth.
Abstract 380 words, DRAFT pdf by zuppero et al
Written for professional meeting, but at 4th grade level, 1.2 megabytes
CAT scan of the Solar System, showing water bearing object candidates
mostly between Earth and Jupiter and bigger than about 1 kilometer in size and small enough to mine for rocket fuel mass and ore.
Quick Links to some CAT scans of the Solar System:
(solsys_neos_pcomets) solar system CT scan from past pluto of 1200 largest near earth objects (red) and Jupiter family comets (white)
(solsys_pcomets_orbitdust) solar system CT scan from sun to Jupiter showing periodic comets and their orbit debris tubes
1996 version (not CT scan)
One page summary here
This is the first description of views of the solar system generated by a digitally algorithmic hyperspectral display of rocket fuel water objects relatively near Earth.
It was written for Fourth Grade Elementary School children in grade schools I have spoken to many times.
A collection of raw images can be seen here but is not in professional form at all. It was put together for the pictures, not the words, and the words are at 4th Grade level. It is not even a story. This was my child-like expression exuberance at seeing the pictures we had just created for the first time, pictures of the formally nearly invisible galaxy-like picture of us embedded in our recent discovery of the water-full near Earth objects.
The picture is like a medical cat scan. It is inside-out, where we are inside the CAT scan and the neo solar system is outside.
Equation from : Shoemaker and Helin
(1978), Earth-approaching asteroids as targets for
exploration, NASA CP-2053, pp. 245-256
This work was originally performed using
United states Department of Enery funding at the Idaho National
and the report was published under the sponsorship of NeoKismet L.L.C., May 2005.
draft, is a longer, better story with color
(PDF, 206 kBytes, color, better story)
Final Draft of Paper is a shorter, concise technical paper with black and white illustrations.
(PDF, 198 kBytes, black and white, per conference rules)
Slides, Power Point
Paper Identification Number:
Author: Dr. Anthony Zuppero
Affiliation: NeoKismet, L.L.C.
19 Jan 2005
C. Zuppero, William D. Richins
for presentation to the at the American Nuclear Society 1998 Annual Meeting Annual Meeting, June 6-10, 1998 Boston, MA
short paper on water pump needed for steam rocket.
with retired NASA
Johnson Space Center structures expert Dr. George Zupp as
nuclear-heated steam rocket in the role of a water truck, to
take lunar ice
from the moon's North or South poles and into orbit around the Moon.
maximizes payload, speed, energy
World Trade Center
I will not help any culture go to space
who supported the bombing.
2014-03-20vaz _arc for archive
i want to do crystal momentum quasimatter reactions.
It might not be science fiction.